Subsection of Chapter `Cuneiform' of John Heise's `Akkadian language'.
The sign list contains at least three items:
--a number from Borger's book `Assyrische-babylonische Zeichenliste'
--the cuneiform sign in New Assyrian orthography
--the name of the sign or one of its values.

Signs used as a determinative

(see function as determinative)
These signs could appear either before or after a name.
Note that these signs are also used other than determinative, as phonogram or as logogram.
Determinatives may follow another determinative:
the landlord of a pub is written as , determinative for a profession, followed by é, determinative for a house, followed by the logogram kash for `beer'.

7 KUsh
(before) leather items

(before) deities

38 URU
(before) cities, often in combination with KI after city names.
Cities are often indicated with their Sumerian names (Akkadian logograms)

78 MUshEN, (HU)
(after) bird names

129a MUL
(before) stars and constellations.
The sign consists of three times an `heaven', which itself derives from a simplification of an asterix like pictogram for a star

229 NA4
(before) stones

296 GIsh
(before) wooden items (weapons etc.)

297 GU4
(before) cattle

309 DUG
(before) pottery

318 Ú
(before) name of plants

324 É
(before) buildings (tempels).
temple names are always given with their Sumerian names (Akkadian logograms).

(before) professions; makes an (abstract) noun of the following logogram

331e SAR
(after) herb names, vegatables and medicaments

461 KI
(after) city names, often in combination with URU before city names.
Cities are often indicated with their Sumerian names (Akkadian logograms)

480 DIsh
(before) (male) personal names, often transcribed with an index p.

532 ME
(after) to indicate plural (short for MEsh)

533 MEsh
(after) to indicate plural. this sign has some variants, e.g. with three short horizontal strokes.

(before) (female) names; feminine professions and female gender (often abstract nouns)

570 MIN, roman number II
(after) to indicate dual (pairs, mainly body parts).
Often also the plural sign MEsh is used

John Heise
Nov 15 1996

lú.shab.tur shumallû `pupil'